Blogs Archive - Santhi Online Plants Nursery
Blogs Archive - Santhi Online Plants Nursery
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Ixora plant

The most beautiful, compact flower plant is the Ixora with a long living character. Ixora plants are native to Asia called the mini Superstar of the garden. This plant came to India 30-40 years back probably one of the oldest Indian flower plants.

Ixora

Ixora flower

These flowers are the most pretty and occur as a cluster of flowers. It has full of nectar at the center as stigma & style. Initially, flower buds look like sharp needles. The day next after bud formation flower blooms with 4 petals all the plant.

ixora flower

Ixora flower plant

Ixora flower plants are of two categories. All native plants are tall and perennial & All hybrid Ixora plants are dwarf with the same perennial character. It grows well in all climatic conditions.

Ixora tree

All we need to know native plants of India. One of them is the Ixora tree. Native plants grow as a tree with woody branches. Ixora coccinea is commonly called ‘Scarlet jungle flame’.Ixora’s name is derived from the Portuguese meaning ‘Ishwara’- Supreme soul or God.

ixora tree

Ixora varieties

Different varieties are there in India such as Ixora coccinea, Ixora javanica, Ixora finlaysoniana, Ixora chinensis, Ixora singaporensis, Ixora Rosea, and others. These are remarkable varieties present in the colors red, yellow, pink, and orange.

ixora singaporensis

Dwarf Ixora plant

The dwarf Ixora plant is known as Ixora taiwanensis this plant bears a cluster of star-shaped flowers. This plant grows as a shrub cum small tree. Dwarf plants popularly grow as short hedges ranges of 2-4’’ feet.

Mini Ixora Plant

Mini plants are nothing but Dwarf Ixora. This plant is specially grown as an indoor plant. Mini Ixora flowers are compact with a bushy plant appearance. It is generally called Ixora chinensis or Ixora taiwanensis.

mini ixora

Sunlight

Ixora plants are sun-loving plants. it loves to grow in tropical sunlight for about 6-8 hours and also Ixora plants can tolerate partial shade. In summer gradually reduce the sun light for ixoras because it may lead to sunburn on leaves. In summer Ixora can grow in 5-6 hours of light.

sunlight

 Suitable Soil

For Healthy plants make the best soil for ixora which is acidic soil of pH 5 to 6.7 with good organic coco peat potting mix. Not place the plants near cement buildings or concrete constructions work if unfortunately, cement falls on soil this becomes alkaline, the plant may lead to stunted growth.

ixora soil

Water

Water the plants at regular intervals. Make soil moist not to make the soil soggy. Water the plants daily in small amounts.

watering in ixora

Fertilizer

Application of slow-release houseplant fertilizer steamed bone meal 3 months once, in addition to this monthly once handful of cow manure or goat manure. After manure application water supplements should be given to get absorbed by plants.

steamed bone meal

Propagation

Propagation done by by stem cuttings. Select mature well-grown branches for good plants.

Repotting

Ixora plants can grow well in a pot size of 4-5 inches after 2-3 years transfer the plants to a pot size of 8 -10 inches.

repotting

Pruning

 Though the plant is short, compact, and bushy. Pinch pruning can be followed during the growing season. Hard pruning is done during early spring or late winter. Most chiefly not remove the top growth of plants more than 30-40 percent. Pruning in Ixora gives a perfect shape to plants.

ixora pruning

Splotchy red purple

In the Winter season,plants may suffer phosphorus and potassium deficiency which leads to splotchy red-purple coloration leaves and chlorosis is the identification of iron deficiency and imperfect potting mix. 

ixora nutrient deficiency

To control this adjust soil pH, and not over water the plants, mulching can promote microclimate to the plants.

Mulching helps to control weeds, microclimate to the plants and it protects plants from weeds, fungi, root parasites, and nematodes.

mulching

Common problems in Ixora

The most common pest in Ixora plants is aphids and scales. Secondly, common diseases such as leaf spots and sooty mold. The disease may be due to high humidity and low air circulation.

ixora sooty mould

To control disease and pest attacks regular intervals of watering at the required amount, proper soil check & application of Neem oil only at the required smaller quantity in case of aphids and scales infestation.

neem oil

Homemade fertilizer

Application of home made fertilizer such as coffee- debris, tea compost, and any organic old compost. The application of water is important after fertilizer given it supplies essential nutrients nitrogen, phosphorus, and others to get absorbed by plants.

ixora  homemade fertilizer

Ixora plants are easy to care for and maintenance plants for your garden areas. Do not worry it is most specially a beginner-friendly plant. Arrange your garden area with beautiful flower plants. Make your environment green by using only organic fertilizers and remedies.

Blog Created By: Santhionlineplants

ARABIAN JASMINE

Arabian Jasmine flowers are king of fragrant flowers. Jasmine are of more than 200+ varieties around the world. But Arabian jasmine occupies the remarkable place for strong fragrance & layered flowers. Jasmine is belonging to genus Jasminum and family Oleraceae.

Jasmine flower

Arabian jasmine flower

This Arabian jasmine flowers are bright white, double layered, tubular, lobed oval flowers contain 9 to 10 petals has sweet & strong fragrance throughout your garden. Flowers contains two stamens with very short filaments.

Arabian jasmine flower

Arabian jasmine plant

Like all jasmine plant varieties, this plant is perennial evergreen with thin woody branches. Arabian jasmine plants are small shrubs with lush foliage. And its climber vines reach up to the height of 25-30 cm & spreads wide 10-20 cm. Arabian jasmine plants are native to Asia, grows healthy & excellent in all climatic conditions of India.

Arabian jasmine flower plant

Jasminum sambac

Arabian jasmine flower has scientific name Jasminum sambac spreads rapidly as shrub or veins with upright habits. Jasminum sambac is popularly called as “Belle of India” meaning Queen of India. Presence of Scent fragrance refreshes the mind & environment.

jasminum sambac

How to grow Arabian jasmine

Arabian jasmine plants are considered as‘megastar of garden’. This can grow well in garden areas such as home garden & terrace garden. This plant can be grown in grow bags, pots or any suitable container.

Flower farmer’s most cultivated plants are Arabian jasmine plants with high yield & it is most suitable for scent preparation purposes.

arabian jasmine growth

Soil

Arabian jasmine plants prefer to grow in loose, loamy, well-drained soil with some organic matter content mostly prefers to grow in acidic to slight acidic soil of pH of 4.5 to 6.9.

soil

Sunlight

This plant requires ample of sun light i.e. is direct sun light of 4-6 hours. It can also tolerate in shade.

Temperature

Ideal temperature for Arabian jasmine plant is 85-90 degree Celsius during day time & in night time 70-80 degree Celsius.

Sunlight for arabian jasmine

Watering

Moderate to average water application is given. Alternate day water application but not to make the soil soggy & wet. Because overwatering may lead to root rot diseases. Avoid watering in winter seasons(November-December).

watering for arabian jasmine

Fertilizer

Application of organic fertilizer such as vermicompost, cow manure or goat manure, Groundnut cake powder for nitrogen enhancement & to increase soil fertility.

Application of steamed bone meal in diluted form can be applied.

vermicompost

Arabian Jasmine plant may get pest survival such bud worms, blossom midge, leaf Webber & mites it should be properly treated to get good flower yield.

bud worms

Organic fertilizer for pest attack

Application of Neem oil, Bio-Npk, Steamed bone meal once in three months. Not to over fertilize the plants. Application of organic fertilizer given only in required quantity. Prefer to grow plants by using organic fertilizer.

neem oil

Propagation: Arabian jasmine plants can be propagated through semi-hard wood cuttings.

propagation

Repotting

This plant does not like to grow in too large pot, because it may lead to water stagnation. Select the pot of 3-4’’and once if the plant grows large. Transfer the plants to big size pot compared to last one but most importantly not to damage the roots.

repotting

Pruning:

Prune the Arabian jasmine plants in winter, because flower blooming will be less compared to other seasons.Trim the old, diseased and matured plant parts to encourage fast growth in plants.

pruning

Harvest:

To get fresh flower yield, fully developed & unopened flower buds are hand-picked in the early morning or late evening. Probably harvesting time starts from 6 months after planting.

Life time of Jasmine plant:

Jasmine plantation can live between 10-15 years and grows as a strong small tree.

harvest of jasmine flower

Yield:

Expected average yield of about 800-900 kg of flowers per acre. In houseplant we can expect about 1kg of flower yield.

Arabian jasmine yield

All and above grow plants good and healthy by using organic & traditional method of practices to grow plants. Go green and make our environment clean & green.

Blog compiled by : Santhionlineplants

Taiwan pink guava

In today’s scenario, Taiwan pink guava is the most welcoming & important fruit crop among the farmers of India. Because this guava plant gives high-yielding sweetest fruits.

Taiwan pink guava
Taiwan pink guava

Taiwan pink guava plant:

 This guava variety came to India 20 years back. But this plant grafted with many other guava varieties. Now, this Taiwan pink guava stands alone as a cash crop in zero-budget farming. Additionally, it’s the most exported guava in India.

Taiwan pink guava plant

Taiwan guava:

    Taiwan guava is famous for juice preparation purpose. Has 4 colors of Taiwan guava such as Taiwan red, pink, white & yellow-fleshed fruits.

taiwan guava

Pink fruit:

 This Taiwan pink guava is an excellent taste variety with attractive pink flesh and glossy pale green-yellow skin. Each guava fruit weighs about 250 to 300 kg. It contains more Ascorbic acid, low sugar content, crispy texture & flavorful aroma.

pink fruit

How to grow Taiwan pink grow

   Taiwan’s pink guava plant is perennial and fast-growing with less maintenance and care. Now let us see essential factors for plant growth.

guava plant

Where to grow

Not only in the Agriculture field, Taiwan pink guava can grow well in terrace gardening, home gardening, or kitchen gardening & also on large-scale farmlands.

 In a terrace garden, Taiwan pink guava plants can grow in Grows bags of suitable size such as 3*3*3 feet or more. 

guava grow bag

Land preparation

 Before planting land must be deeply plowed for at least 3 plows should be done. In 3rd plough the land with organic manure like well-decomposed cow manure or farm yard manure. Soil should be fine tilth and well-drained.

land preparation

Soil for Taiwan pink guava 

 It grows well in a wide range of well-drained soil preferably from heavy clay to very light sandy soil with a loamy crump soil structure. Soil pH can be 4.5 to 6.5 for high yield.

guava soil

Planting Season

 This guava plant is a perennial crop planting season is preferably June-December is the best season to grow the guavas.

Guava spacing

 The Taiwan pink guava standing plant spacing should be 6m*6m for 1 acre it accommodates nearly 1200 plants. For above 2 acres of land the same spacing is followed for plant to plant. Row-to-row spacing is 9 ft*9 ft. 

While planting guava plants apply a small quantity of VAM biofertilizer in each pit for a nutrient supplement.

guava spacing

Water requirement for guava plant

  Drip irrigation is the best suitable method for large-scale guava plantations. Water requirement depends on the stage of the crop.

 First irrigation or watering should be given immediately after planting in the case of the home garden or terrace garden . Not to make the soil soggy it may invade root rot. Generally, guava plants do not require water in the rainy season.

drip irrigation

Sunlight

Guava plants need full bright sun light, nearly 8-12 hours of light for good plant growth.

guava sunlight

Propagation

Done through cuttings, seeds, grafting & air-layering.Most used method is air-layering.

guava air layering

Fertilizer application

 To maintain good soil fertility & to get high yield,organic & bio- fertilizer applications should be followed such as

      WeekOrganic & Bio- fertilizerApplication
Week 1Azospirillum or Rhizobium
Week 2Jeevamirtham
Week 3Muligaikarisal
Week4Fish Amino acid or Meen amilam
Week5Decomposor

In Home garden or terrace garden application of Jeevamirtham and Muligaikarisal for about two months at a time. Additionally, apply vermicompost monthly once for soil health.

rhizobium

Weed control 

 Natural mulching is the best way to control weeds. It includes dried banana leaves, and dried coconut leaves covering the soil surface all around.

guava mulching

Nematode control

 Generally, root-knot nematodes show symptoms such as gall formation on roots, wilting, and yellowing of leaves. To control this application of biofungicide Trichoderma viridae, Pseudomonas, Phosphobacter can be appliled at regular intervals.

root knot in guava

Mealy bug control

 Regular individual plant checking should be done. Because Mealybugs are the most serious pest on guava plants. In case of a mild attack forcefully shower the plants. In case of severe attack, spray cow urine mixed with asafoetida powder.

mealy bug in guava

Fruit flies control

Next to mealy bugs, Fruit flies are a major pest in guava. If not seen it will completely destroy the yield. 

To control fruit flies initially the field should be kept clean, remove infested fruits, and majorly set up light traps 60 meters above the crop on the ground to attract flies, moths & beetles.

fruit fly in guava

Pruning

 Trim the old, diseased, matured plant parts. Training taiwan pink guava plant is done to get a good framework to guava plants. Not to follow summer pruning because plants may get summer burn. Avoid wounds on the stem while pruning. Probably follow pruning after harvest. 

Tip one back to the young stem branches to enhance the secondary branches.

pruning in guava

Intercrop

 Guava plant + Slow growing vegetable crop or Guava plant + Legumes or pulses.

guava intercrop

Harvest

 Taiwan pink guava harvest can be done when the skin color of the fruit changes to greenish yellow. Preferably harvest the fruit in the month of March- April or July- August.

harvest

Guava yield per acre

 This plant yields 50 to 60 kgs per plant and nearly 9,000 kgs per acre. 

yield per acre

Storage

  Taiwan pink guava fruits have excellent shelf-life. It can be stored for 15 days without cold storage treatment. And it can be stored for up to 2 months with cold storage for long-term export.

storage

Last but not least, Taiwan pink guava is the most needed guava variety in the future. Practice organic methods of plant production for all your plants. Save soil and Save the planet with green plants!! 

Blog composed by: Santhionlineplants

Rose plant care

Most people’s choice of gardening starts with growing rose plants care because it is the only plant that looks attractive with a sweet-smelling fragrance.

Rose plant care

There are about 100+ species of rose plants in the Rosaceae family. Most of them are perennial shrubs with high-yielding flowers. In flowering plants, rose plants care occupy the most important place for their color and fragrance. So, rose plants are called the ‘king of flowers.

King of flowers

Different hybridization techniques in rose plants are carried out all around the World. And it started with Virginia rose, and Damask rose.

Damask rose

Rose signifies love, beauty, and passion. Petals of roses are loaded with Vitamin C, A, K & iron.

The Garden looks more beautiful with rose plants. But proper care and maintenance are required. Like other flowering plants, rose plant care require well-drained soil. But most importantly, give acceptable water & bright sunlight.

Remember some points before growing rose plants. Here is a list of easy-care rose plant tips! 

Rose plant tips

how is rose plant grow

Rose plants grow faster and healthier with a requirement of 6-8 hours of sunlight because these are sun-loving plants. They hate to live in tree-shady areas.

Sunlight for rose

where do roses grow

Generally, rose plants can grow in pots, grow bags, unused vase, and climbing rose varieties such as Rosa ‘Constance spry’; those thin & soft stems can be trained to trellises or in suitable soil surfaces.

Constance spry rose

how to increase flowering in rose plants

 If there is ample supply of NPK & micronutrients to flowering plants, especially for rose plants it increases bud blooming & flowering. 

Bud blomming

Animal Manure:

Cow manure or Goat manure application improves soil fertility, and aeration and supplies necessary nutriment to the flowering plants but it is slow-release fertilizer. Apply one handful of 3 months old compost 2 months once & for plants on the soil surface apply two or three small amount of old compost.

Animal manure

COMPOST:

1.Vermicompost:

It is an all-purpose fertilizer with the supply of npk organic fertilizer in equal proportions. But most importantly applies quality vermicompost. One or two spoons apply around the soil for pot plants and double it for ground plants. In 3 months once.

Vermicompost

2. Leaf compost:

Nothing but dried leaves, bark, and wood chips of all your garden trees. It acts as mulching for the plants and it provides a good microclimate for the plants.

For rose plants, npk needs of about 20:20:20, and heavy feeding varieties require more.

Tree leaf compost

ORGANIC CAKES:

1.  Neem cake powder: The application can be done either as foliar spray or top dressing. One handful of neem powder is enough for 10-12’’ pot rose plants. It will protect the plants from root diseases & pest attacks.

Neem cake powder

2.  Groundnut cake powder: This groundnut powder contains more ‘N’ content compared to Neem cake. It has an NPK in the ratio of 7.5:1.5:1.3. Monthly once smaller amount application is ample to grow Rose plants.

Groundnut cake powder

3.  Mustard cake powder: In addition, this organic powder consits of micronutrients such as Zn, S, Mn & others. This mustard cake powder is the most useful organic powder to enhance the good growth of plants.

Mustard cake powder

These 3 organic cake powders can be applied only in smaller quantities to rose plants. And also you can apply these 3 at the same time or any 2 @ the same time.

BIO-FERTILIZER:

1. Steamed bone meal: This application is done especially for ‘Phosphorus & Calcium’. This bio-fertilizer steamed bone meal can be applied either as a top dressing or added along with your potting, in about 4 months once.

Bone meal fertilizer

2. Blood meal, Hoof meal, and Horn meal: This bio-fertilizer can also be applied to rose plants. It supplies more ‘N’ content to plants compared to manure. But most importantly, not to forget these bio-fertilizers should be applied only in smaller quantities.

Hoof Meal fertilizer

BIO-STIMULANT

Seaweed Extract: It boosts plant growth and protects from pests and diseases. Apply 4 to 5 scoops or spoon per gallon of water once in about 3 months once.

Sea Weed extract

HOME-BASED FERTILIZER:

1.Onion skin peel & Eggshell waste: Don’t throw these peels and shells into the dustbin. Applying these two plants provides minerals potassium, calcium, proteins, and antioxidants.

Onion peel extract
Egg shell waste extract

Chart for organic fertilizer application

OptionsCycle 1Cycle2Cycle 3
1.Compost+Groundnut cake powder+Bone meal powderLiquid fertilizer(or)Sea weed extractCow manure+Compost
2.Bone meal powder Liquid fertilizerHome based fertilizer
3.Neem cake powder+Compost+ Bone mealGoat manure +Vermicompost
4.Mustard cake + compostAnimal manure+ groundnut cake
5.Compost + organic manure(any) Sea weed extract
Animal manure +Home based fertilizer
TABLE 1.0

Watering:  Regularly water the rose plant in summer or even on alternate days. In winter, reduce water supplementation. Check pots drainage holes properly to protect from root rot.

Water application

Pruning: Trim the dead, dried, matured plant parts. Do not over prune the plants & its carried for twice in a year.

Pruning

Soil refilling: Make a regular check on the soil condition in the pot or growbags. And plants get new growth by refilling.

Soil Refilling

Get Good rose flowers without using Chemical fertilizers 

Nowadays people need quicker results & faster plant growth so most of them use chemical fertilizers for higher-yielding in plants and pollute the environment unnecessarily.

House plant

Go green with organic fertilizers for good plant growth & save mother earth with greens!!

Blog published by: https://www.santhionlineplants.com/

Garden maintenance

Gardening tips

Garden maintenance: In today’s situation of garden maintenance, people think we were not born with a green thumb, but once you start sowing, planting, watering, and applying nutrition, you might see a different person in your mirror. Garden maintenance helps to relieve your stress, acts as an anti-depressant and makes you stronger with a good addition of vitamin D & you can easily get your fruits & herbs.

1. Garden care tips

garden maintenance

Home gardening should be done with important garden maintenance tips as the plants require care.

Watering as required:

garden maintenance

Watering is the most important thing in your garden. Water your plants properly because most plants survived by controlled using water. Simply use the “FINGER DIP CHECK” method for checking soil moisture content. And also make a schedule for watering each category of plants & apply only the required water. Water the plants before sunrise or after sunset. Do not water the plants in the daytime.

The most important thing to remember while watering the plants is not to overwater or underwater because it leads to deficiencies.

2. Home gardening tips

Soil check:

garden maintenance

For successful gardening firstly, select good fertile soil. You can also add a potting mix made of nutritious organic matter in a ratio of 20:80.

Don’t make the soil soggy because it may invade fungally, and bacterial diseases like root rot, wilt, die back & others.

Sunlight needs:

garden maintenance

Place & arrange your plants according to daylight requirements for every plant. Plants like succulents, cacti, crotons, drought-tolerant fruit plants, flowering plants, and vegetable plants require at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight.

Indoors & air purifier plants require only partial or partial sunlight of about 2-4 hours.

3. Planting tips

Plant spacing:

garden maintenance

Grow the plant in the soil with proper spacing, to avoid overcrowding plants. Fast-growing plants like climbers, creepers, and vegetable plants should not be planted close to each other.

Encourage beneficial insects:

garden maintenance

As a gardener avoid killing beneficial insects like honey bees, butterflies, ladybird beetles, praying mantis, and lacewing bugs. Those are pollinators that are essential for the pollination process in all plants, act as biological controllers & maintain ecological balance.

Remove weeds at the right time:

garden maintenance

Weeds are the most serious problem in gardening, once it occupies the soil it grows fastly & uptakes all the plant minerals. To control weeds, manual hand weeding is necessary. Inspect your garden plants weekly once to remove dead plants.

4. Natural Mulching

garden maintenance

To control weeds “Mulching” practice can be done by covering the topsoil with fallen dried leaves, tree barks, grass clippings, wood chips, and paddy straws as ground cover to conserve moisture.

Planting season:

garden maintenance

Some of the plants require a particular season to grow. Don’t grow plants that are not suitable for your season or if you grow, wait with patience till the season comes to bloom flowers, fruits, and vegetables. To overcome this, all-season plants can be grown which gives fruit and flowers year-round.

Prune to enhance new growth:

garden maintenance

Pruning is necessary for growing new plants in the garden. Trim the old, infected, dead, rotten fruits, flowers, and branches. Prune lower parts of the plants in the rainy season to avoid pests & diseases.

Improper pruning like removing large sections of tree crowns, or upper portions of the plants may kill your plants.

Fertilizer and Pesticide application as desired:

garden maintenance

Don’t over-fertilize your plants; it may lead to stunted growth, burning of plants, air pollution, water pollution & reduces soil fertility.

Avoid pesticide application regularly like once a week or 15 days once. Apply pest control when you find the pest level is severe. Do not pollute soil by practicing different chemical applications.

Instead apply all-purpose organic fertilizer & pesticides namely vermicompost, tree leaf compost, cow manure, goat manure, neem oil, ground nut powder, and others in the right method of application. Apply fertilizers in the early morning or late evening. Not to apply fertilizer in direct sunlight.

Companion crops as protectors:

garden maintenance

Like human beings, plants also need their friends in a growing environment. Companion crops can be planted around your main plants for pollination by pollinators, to prevent unwanted pest attacks, to provide shade, and for a symbiotic relationship with plants.

   For example, tomatoes can be grown along with marigolds, garlic, mint, and basil which keep away from mosquitoes & others.

5. Gardening ideas for beginners

garden maintenance

If you are a learner in gardening, first try to grow edible plants that grow rapidly with higher yields. Utilize day-to-day household wastes such as greens skin peel like onion, garlic skin peel, eggshell waste, fruit peel, tea powder waste, and coffee grounds.

Not only this, but Rainwater also you can utilize and apply it to your plants. This supplies good amounts of support to plants such as N, P, K, Mg, Ca & Na. Rainwater is always best for plants compared to normal tap water because these plants can live stronger and happily.

Gardening looks scary but makes you an expert:

garden maintenance

Gardening brings your food from “Farm To Fork”, promotes more oxygen to your environment, reduces carbon footprints, provides an atmosphere for birds, maintains organic protections, and many more. You can get all these benefits when you’re ready to get your hands dirty!!

Role of Vam Fertilizer

VAM

The full form of VAM is vesicular Arbuscular mycorrhizal. It is one of the first microbiological products. It is a fungus that penetrates a Vascular plant’s roots to support them to capture nutrients from the soil. The symbiotic association between plant roots and fungal mycelia is termed as mycorrhiza (fungal roots).It has been associated with increased plant growth and enhanced accumulation of plant nutrients mainly phosphorus, zinc, copper, and Sulphur mainly through greater soil exploration by the mycorrhizal hyphae. It also imparts drought tolerance to the plants as the fungal hyphae function as the extended root system to exploit greater

Role of ‘VAM’

This basic element is essential for the growth of the cells of the plant and for the plant to flower and to produce seeds, as the plant wholly depends on phosphorus for its energy.

Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (VAM) is a fungus which has the ability to dissolve the phosphates found in abundance in the soil. Apart from increasing the availability of phosphorus, VAM provides the plants with the  strength to resist disease a germs an weather conditions.

VAM will be active only near the roots of the plants. It can be used by applying on the roots, through a nursery grow bags or by mixing in compost.

In vegetables grown by sowing seeds directly, 20 grams VAM can be put in each hole along with the sowing.

VAM stays with mutual co-operation inside the roots of the plants . The Greek word Mycorrhiza means fungus which lives in root. Mycorrhiza which depends on the plants for starch, reciprocates by providing several nutrients for the plant.

Mycorrhiza increases the amount of phosphorus and trace elements in the soil.

The energy obtained by photosynthesis through leaves moves towards the roots.

Increase in the growth of roots is the result.

Mycorrhiza can increase the number of tapioca produced and also its size. 5 grams of Mycorrhiza should be applied on the roots of the tuber crops.

Materials we used for making VAM

How santhi online plants making  organic VAM fertilizer.

How to use VAM powder on plants.

Mix 2 to 4 Kg of  Santhi online plant VAM with 100 to 200 kg of  SANTHI ONLINE PLANTS Organic Manure or dried farm yard manure and broadcast in the main field just before sowing / transplanting or apply in standing crop by row or spot or broadcasting method (50 g / plant).

External Requirements need for plant growth.

Benefits of using VAM on plants.

Where to buy organic VAM in online

We have 100% organic VAM fertilizer and we have wide varieties of plants, terrace gardening plants, fertilizers, pesticides, and growbags in our website. Our VAM fertilizer is organic and it helps to increase uptake of nutrients and plant growth, it controls  root diseases. want to BUY!!! Check out our website www.santhionlineplants.com  

ABOUT ROSEWOOD

Introduction


Rosewood is a fast-growing nitrogen-fixing tree that can easily be propagated and will grow on any well-drained soil, even on pure sand. It is mainly grown for its durable heartwood, being among the finest general-use timbers in South Asia and is commonly used for high-class furniture and marine-grade plywood. This grows in the sub-Himalayan tract from Oudh eastwards to Sikkim, Bihar, Orissa, and throughout Central and Southern India.


Origin: It is indigenous to India and distributed in the sub-Himalayan tract of eastern U.P to Sikkim. It also occurs in central, western and southern India.

Rosewood Plant Description


Rosewood is a deep, ruddy brown to purplish-brown colour, richly streaked and grained with black resinous layers. It takes a fine polish but because of its resinous nature is difficult to work. However the heartwood begins to decay, making it faulty and hollow at the centre.

Indian Rosewood is an erect deciduous tree. It grows to the height of 25meter and 2-3 meters in diameter. It has leathery leaves which are up to15 cm long. The flowers are whitish-pink in colour. A crown is oval in shape. The fruit is brown and pod like in shape. it’s fruit is dry and hard. sapwood is white to pale brown In colour and the heartwood is golden to dark brown in colour. Flowers occur from October to February

Rose wood Planting


Rosewood trees are suitable for landscaping. They can be planted as a shade tree for tea plantations and also are a part of many household gardens and lawns. These are easy to grow and quite hardy plants, requiring only a little care and attention.

Requirements for growing Rosewood plant


Propagation
You can propagate these plants from both seeds and saplings. Although it is more appropriate and advisable to buy a healthy plant from a nearby nursery for better plant growth. But you can also grow them from seeds and suckers that are readily available. If you are growing a nursery bought plant, then look no further and directly plant it into the location you desire. So is the case when growing them from seeds. You can directly sow the seeds on your farm or garden. Soaking the seeds in water before you sow them will ensure better results.


✓ Location

Plant them in a location where they get enough space and sunlight. When you plant the seedlings, they require partial sunlight. However, the bigger plants or trees can survive in full sun.


Temperature
As these plants are native to India, they do well in tropical and subtropical regions. They can survive the temperatures ranging from 4- 49°C. The best time to grow these plants is in the months of spring or early summer.


✓ Soil
They can survive in almost any kind of well-draining soil. Alluvial soil, mixed with gravel or sandy loam that drains excess water but stays moist, is ideal for growing Sheesham trees. They can also grow in slightly saline soil.


Pests and Diseases
Be careful about termites and fungal infections. These infections are quite easy to treat with the help of soap water or Neem oil solution.


Watering
You need to deeply water these plants regularly as the plants require a lot of moisture to grow dense foliage. During their growth period, water them thoroughly until the topsoil goes dry. However, overwatering or flooding the tree continuously will lead to the formation of superficial roots in them.

Medicinal values

Indian Rosewood holds many medicinal properties. oil stimulates new cell growth, regenerate tissues, and heps minimize lines and wrinkles. It helps balance both dry and oily skin. It can prove useful against acne.

Other uses

It is important fuelwood and is also used for shade and shelter. Its wood is used for making furniture, doors, windows, shop floors, plywood, skis, musical instruments, carvings etc. Because of durability Rosewood is often used in martial art weaponry, particularly as the shaft of spears and in the gun staves.

Conclusion


In conclusion, Rosewood is a precious timber species, for which demand keeps rising. But, due to the threat of extinction and non-availability of sustainable timber plantations of rosewood in main producing countries, there is a trend in shifting the market. Adding value to the species will yield more economic benefits to the country, and there is a need for buyers and exporters to cooperate in this direction.

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How to identify a Mealybug infestation

   MEALY BUG CONTROLLER

Mealybug Identification

 

How to Identify a Mealybug Infestation?

mealy bug controller

Mealybug life cycle

Mealybug Damage

How to use Mealy bug controller 

Uses of Mealy bug controller

mealy bug controller

conclusion 

In conclusion, Mealybugs are attracted to plants with high nitrogen levels and soft growth; they may appear if you overwater and over-fertilize your plants. so, Take care of your plants with Mealybug controller      

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BIO CONTROL AGENT

Biological control agent refers to the use of natural or modified organisms, gene products, to reduce the effects of undesirable organisms and to favor desirable organisms such as crops, beneficial insects, and microorganisms.

ADVANTAGE OF BIO CONTROL AGENT

PURPOSE OF USING BIO CONTROL AGENT

BENEFITS OF BIO CONTROL AGENT

TYPES OF BIO CONTROL AGENT

Bio control agents are three types of entities involved in biological control these are

Above all, The important genera of fungi studied as biocontrol agents are Trichoderma, Gilocladium, aspergillius, Chaetomium, pencillium etc. Many bacterial strains studies for their plant growth promoting activity for instance, biocontrol potential, these include agrobacterium, bacillius, Enterobacter, erwina, pseudomonas, and steptomyces etc.

conclusion 

In conclusion, We have 100 % organic fertilizers like bio control agents, pesticides, variety of plants and growbags.

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Vermicompost

Vermicompost

Vermicompost is a type of organic fertilizer and It is  derived from composting organic waste by using various species of worms, red wigglers, white worms, & other earthworms basically to create a mixture of decomposing vegetables or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast.

It is used for terrace gardening because it gives nutrition to the plants.

Materials for the preparation of vermicompost :

Procedure

  1. The size of the tank depends upon the availability of raw materials.
  2. Collect the biomass and place it under the sun for about 8-12 days. Basically chop it to the required size using the cutter.
  3. Prepare a cow dung slurry and sprinkle it on the heap for quick decomposition.
  4. Add a layer (2 – 3 inches) of soil or sand at the bottom of the tank.
  5. Prepare fine bedding by adding  such as decomposed cow dung, dried leaves, & other biodegradable wastes collected from fields and the kitchen and also distribute them evenly on the sand layer.
  6. In addition to the chopped bio-waste & partially decomposed cow dung layer-wise into the tank up to a depth of 0.5-1.0 ft.
  7. Release the earthworm species over the mixture and cover the compost mixture with dry straw or gunny bags.
  8. Sprinkle water on a regular basis to maintain the moisture content of compost.
  9. Cover the tank with a roof to prevent the entry of ants, lizards, mice, snakes and also  protect the compost from rainwater and direct sunshine.
  10. Occasionally check to avoid the compost from overheating and also Maintain proper moisture and temperature.

Vermicompost – mixture

One part garden soil, one part coco peat &  one part vermicompost, all three are thoroughly mixed and added to the pot.

What are the Characteristics of vermicomposting

Vermicompost is a powdered like material which contains high nutrients, good microbes, drainage, water-holding capacity and a growth enhancer.

Benefits of using vermicompost on plants for terrace gardening

conclusion :

In conclusion Vermicompost has revolutionized vegetable farming and terrace gardening. Likewise In organic farming, it showed the postive  results among all fertilizers and also works on terrace gardening. As a result we can get food healthy vegetables and fruits by using vermicompost.

As Shown above It’s 100% natural and organic fertilizer for plants.

 

Where to buy organic vermicompost online

We have organic fertilizers, pesticides, plants, and grow bags on our website and Our vermicompost is 100% organic. It enhances plant growth, yield & germination. it’s rich in nutrient content. Inhabit diseases in plants and great water retention quality.

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