origin of orange
Oranges are an important food source in many parts of the world for several reasons. They are a commonly available source of vitamin C. An orange is a type of citrus fruit that people often eat. Oranges are a very good source of Vitamin C.Orange juice is an important part of many people's breakfast. The "sweet orange", which is the kind that are most often eaten today, grew first in South and East Asia but now grows in lot of parts of the world.
the origin of Oranges
The orange is the world’s most popular fruit. Like all citrus plants, the orange tree originated in the tropical regions of Asia. Oranges are mentioned in an old Chinese manuscript dating back to 2200 BC. The development of the Arab trade routes, the spread of Islam and the expansion of the Roman Empire led to the fruit being cultivated in other regions.
From its original habitat, the orange spread to India, the east coast of Africa, and thence to the eastern Mediterranean region.
Orange – Scientific Classifications
Family : Rutaceae
Citrus trees are remarkable for the deep green of their foliage
and their white, fragrant flowers.
Fruits add to this exotic appearance, you’ll be thrilled!
The orange has a sweet-tart taste
and is commonly peeled and eaten fresh, or squeezed for its juice. The outermost layer of the rind can be scraped off to make zest, having a similar flavor to the flesh.
It is believed that just like oranges, its seeds are also rich in vitamin C
, which is a powerful antioxidant that keeps our metabolism high. There are more benefits of consuming (chewing) orange seeds.
Orange seeds are quite easy to germinate, but a tree grown from an orange seed can take anywhere from seven to 15 years to bear fruit.
Bitter orange leaves are used for their sedative properties: they alleviate spasms in nervous persons
and help them fall asleep.
Nutrients in Orange
One medium-sized orange has:
- 60 calories
- No fat or sodium
- 3 grams of fiber
- 12 grams of sugar
- 1 gram of protein
- 14 micrograms of vitamin A
- 70 milligrams of vitamin C
- 6% of your daily recommended amount of calcium
- 237 milligrams of potassium
- 15.4 grams of carbohydrates
Tips for Growing the Best Oranges
These gardening tips below will help with a plentiful orange harvest.
- Light:Citrus needs at least six to eight hours of bright, daily light— more is better. Placing trees near southern or southwest windows works well.. If you're short on sunlight, grow lights can make up the difference.
Never let pots dry out completely, but avoid overwatering. Test your soil by hand or use a soil moisture tester, available in home and garden stores.In winter, water is just enough to keep the soil moist.
- Invest in good soil Orange trees can grow in a variety of soil. For optimal growth and health, you’ll want soil with good drainage and a soil pH between 5.0 to 6.5. The ideal ratio for a good, loamy soil is approximately 40% sand, 40% silt, and 20% clay. Use the same soil outdoors as you would potting soil.
- Use a natural or organic deterrent. Like all fruits, orange plants are prone to pests like aphids, borers, and spider mites. Critters or insects snacking on your fruits are an inevitable part of maintaining your own garden. For bugs, use an organic or noninvasive pesticide, or try making your own natural pesticides at home. For critters or larger animals getting into your crops, net and/or fence the perimeter of your garden.
- Fertilize your soil. The organic and biological materials living in compost activate the soil's contents, which include healthy fungi, bacteria, and minerals. This promotes strong immunity in your plants, and expands the life of your crops as well.
Health Benefits of Oranges
The vitamin C in oranges helps your body in lots of ways:
- Protects your cells from damage
- Helps your body make collagen, a protein that heals wounds and gives you smoother skin
- Makes it easier to absorb iron to fight anemia
- Boosts your immune system, your body's defense against germs
- Slows the advance of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of vision loss
- Helps fight cancer-causing free radicals
- Heart health
- Reduce Blood pressure
Properties of Orange
- Rich in vitamin C
- Powerful Antioxidants
Vitamin C supplements do not provide as much protective benefits as drinking a glass of orange juice. The available literature does not reveal any adverse or side effect. No wonder that oranges are one of the most popular fruits in the world .
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